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The LARC Bill 

By Sen. Lori Berman and Rep. Tracie Davis 
HB 576 / SB 410

The bill would require the Department of Health to start countywide pilot programs in Duval, Hillsborough and Palm Beach to expand access to Long Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC). 

What is LARC?

There are two Long-Acting Reversible Contraception methods; one is the intrauterine device (IUD) and the other is the birth control implant, both are able to be easily removed when a woman decides she would like to conceive. LARCs are 99% effective at preventing pregnancy and are effective for 3 to 10 years without requiring any user effort.1

Why would Florida benefit from the LARC Pilot Program?

The U.S. and state governments saved $13.6 billion in 2010 and it is estimated that for every $1 invested in family planning programs, federal and state governments save $7.09 in part because of unintended pregnancies that were prevented from publicly supported contraception.2

The CDC has cited LARCs as one of the most effective family planning methods, with a pregnancy rate of only 1 pregnancy per 100 women the first year-- for comparison, the contraceptive pill has a rate of 9 pregnancies per 100 women in the first year.3 Research has shown LARC to be 20 times more effective than birth control pills, the patch, or the vaginal ring.4 The financial benefits of implementing LARC programs are stark: 45% of US pregnancies were unintended and public insurance programs paid for 1.5 million unplanned births in 2010.5

When Colorado implemented their LARC program, they avoided nearly $70 million in public assistance costs.6

Colorado’s Success with LARC

Besides promoting effective family planning, empowering women to take control of their reproductive health, and significantly cutting public assistance costs, Colorado saw an almost 50 percent reduction in the teen birth rate and teen abortion rate after implementing their LARC program.7

 

1. American Sexual Health Association, Understanding LARC
2. Frost, Jennifer J., et al. (2014). “Return on investment: A fuller assessment of the benefits and cost savings of the US publicly funded family planning program.” The Milbank Quarterly, 92(4), 667-720. [Online]. http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/journals/ MQ-Frost_1468-0009.12080.pdf. 
3. U.S. Centers for Disease Control. Effectiveness of Family Planning Methods. http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/unintendedpregnancy/pdf/contraceptive_methods_508.pdf
4. American Sexual Health Association, Understanding LARC
5. Guttmacher Institute, Unintended Pregnancy in the US 
6. Taking the Unintended Out of Pregnancy: Colorado’s Success With Long- Acting Reversible Contraception
7. Taking the Unintended Out of Pregnancy: Colorado’s Success With Long- Acting Reversible Contraception